BreakawayIndividual.com
Zy Marquiez
September 28, 2020

Culture and traditions have been a significant  target of social engineers for quite some time due to the power with which they imbue individuals and families with, as they create strong roots in the firmness of what is good and commonsensical.  And when similar cultures with strong traditions and roots resonate with each other, or ‘vibe’ with each other to put it contemporarily, then a common culture can flourish.  This allows for a canvas of life that allows for the exploration of originality, ideas, and tenets that these cultures offer, further allowing for a much stronger cohesion to take place thereafter. 

In fact, it was this very type of confluence of cultures that helped America become the quintessential example of social cohesion powerful enough to create a whole new culture of Freedom and Independence that up to that time the world had never seen to that magnitude.  This landmark event was born out of different cultures that were willing to stand together, finding common ground, thus, creating a Common Culture that became powerful enough to challenge another culture, a culture that sought to subsume all other cultures therein within America, which was the Kingdom of Great Britain

The culture confluence that took place in America, allowed for a collective coupling of ideologies from which new ideas could be born, all the while individuals were mindful of the traditions others held, even if they did not agree with them.  Due to the strength of that confluence, the strength of that tolerance, America became a place where an individual could be an individual, with various beliefs, creeds and ideas, without fear of persecution as through most of human history.  And though certainly not perfect by any stretch, America became the latest evolution of Freedom that helped inspire people everywhere. 

It is my view that without having achieved a Common Culture, America could have never achieved ultimate Freedom as it did at that time, and could not have also become the vanguard example, once upon a revolution, of Freedom and Independence.  

It was because the many cultures in America were threatened, cultures as in plural, cultures that trusted each other willing to fight side by side, that those individuals centuries ago were willing to stand together, thus never having fallen apart when they stood in the breach against BritainThese days that kind of social cohesion is severely lacking by orders of magnitude and it’s a damn shame.  

Once again, there are those that seek to attack various parts of Western Culture.  Truth be told, this proactive attack on culture that is taking place, which can be seen by the destruction of statues as has happened recently, timeless and iconic buildings (blamed conveniently on accidents, on the same day!), destruction of national monuments, with some of them in contemplation of even being reengineered, stretches in all manner of directions as can be seen. 

As such, there seems to be a significantly concerted effort in the way there are multifarious attacks on parts of common culture, the fibrous – and incredibly resonant – strands of humanity’s strongest cultures, with very fabrics of traditions being targeted systematically.  From an overarching view, these are the very foundations with which Western Culture as well as other cultures were able to find common ground, a Common Culture.  In this case, part of the very culture that helped make America what it became. 

On that very same basis, when traditions are stripped away, new ones can be reenginnered to take their place.  And that’s exactly what a social engineer that seeks to destroy culture would do. 

In one of her podcasts, Assistant Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Catherine Austin Fitts of Solari.com stated that some of the individuals that pull the strings seek to destroy myriad things and recreate it in their image.  Those that seek to destroy culture revel on that.  After all, from the point of view of those that seek to destroy culture, what better way to have others honor the traditions you believe in, the ideology you seek to imbue society with, but by first destroying what they believe in, the very roots that created the culture that allowed them to thrive, therein reengineering culture in your image.  As such, other people would pay homage to you, instead of what would have taken place if those cultures still existed, which is why many cultures were persecuted in the past and still are to this very day. 

With that lengthy opening in mind, allow me to recast another level onto that foundational opening to properly cement where I am headed with this with a dire statement made by a prescient individual who earned my respect by sounding the alarm on this very issue years ago.   

In a paper entitled “How A Generation Lost its Common Culture”, Professor Deneen, who is a David A. Potenziani Memorial Associate Professor of Constitutional Studies at Notre Dame, trenchantly stated:

“…I’ve taught – Princeton, Georgetown, and now Notre Dame. Students at these institutions have done what has been demanded of them:  they are superb test-takers, they know exactly what is needed to get an A in every class (meaning that they rarely allow themselves to become passionate and invested in any one subject); they build superb resumes. They are respectful and cordial to their elders, though easy-going if crude with their peers. They respect diversity (without having the slightest clue what diversity is) and they are experts in the arts of non-judgmentalism (at least publically). They are the cream of their generation, the masters of the universe, a generation-in-waiting to run America and the world.”1

And yet, Professor Deneen still had additional points of contention.  Professor Deneen’s deeper concern is that if one were to:

“…ask them some basic questions about the civilization they will be inheriting, and be prepared for averted eyes and somewhat panicked looks. Who fought in the Peloponnesian War? Who taught Plato, and whom did Plato teach? How did Socrates die? Raise your hand if you have read both the Iliad and the Odyssey. The Canterbury Tales? Paradise Lost? The Inferno?”2

The responses described by Professor Deneen are the very types of response individuals that have not been properly exposed to culture would have.  This type of issue takes place because the public schooling system deliberately overlooks traditions, but also stripped critical thinking tools like Logic, the Trivium, Quadrivium, and more, therein removing intellectual foundations that were available to generations prior.  This is nefariously calculating and leads to a serious cognitive descent, not only through lack of cultural awareness, but also of one where critical thinking is lacking in serious ways, all of which threaten the future of the nations and cultures experiencing those declines. 

It is my contention that article written by VOX on Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony titled How Beethoven’s 5th Symphony Put The Classism In Classical Music”, whether deliberately engineered or stemming from negative resonance created by divide and conquer tactics with hidden agendas, is a blatant attack on Western Culture, and a significantly iconic symbol at that.  After all, if Beethoven, who is a German composer and pianist that is easily one of the greatest and most iconic symbols in classical music, can be deliberately attacked and eventually toppled (in their eyes) as is clear VOX seeks to do, then all others will follow soon after as well, as that would be the agenda of a social engineer. 

Just as so, this also leads to, by design or by default, to the age old tactics of the Left-Right Divide and Conquer Paradigm, which prevents the population from ever truly uniting by never addressing the core issues that fracture them, and only remaining at the surface level of the problem.  (Note: divide and conquer tactics by design, are those agendas engineered by social engineers and handed down the ranks, a topic which has been covered by Daniel Estulin in his book Tavistock Institute Social Engineering The Masses, and those that stem by default, are those uptaken by individuals that have inheritedthe mindset of a system whose ideology is that of those that seek to divide and conquer, always seeking division and nigh never seeking unity.)

This emotionally-charged focus on Beethoven’s work, steers individuals to center upon each other or divisive issues, rather than focusing on the real problems, those individuals pulling the strings and the manipulative agendas they push.  And the agendas that they push employ social engineering in innumerable ways, and it is starkly clear that dissolution of culture is one of them. 

In “How Beethoven’s 5th Symphony Put The Classism In Classical Music”, the writers begin by saying:

Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony starts with an anguished opening theme — dun dun dun DUNNNN — and ends with a glorious, major-key melody. Since its 1808 premiere, audiences have interpreted that progression from struggle to victory as a metaphor for Beethoven’s personal resilience in the face of his oncoming deafness.”3[Bold & Underline Emphasis in original]

Thereby shifting gears with:

“Or rather, that’s long been the popular read among those in power, especially the wealthy white men who embraced Beethoven and turned his symphony into a symbol of their superiority and importance. For some in other groups — women, LGBTQ+ people, people of color — Beethoven’s symphony may be predominantly a reminder of classical music’s history of exclusion and elitism. One New York City classical music fan wrote in the 1840s, for example, that he wished “all women shall be gagged by officers duly licensed for the purpose before they’re allowed to enter a concert room.”4[Bold & Italics Emphasis Added]

First of all, disingenuously paving the way by making it seem like all classical music fans are the same and have a penchant for superiority and elitism is social engineering at its finest, as is exemplified through what one fan wrote.  The writers certainly do not outright say that, but it is deliberately implied

In such an instance, it’s almost like writers are saying: “See, the wealthy white men and their fans are one and the same!  Here’s proof!”  Those are clear divide and conquer tactics that are meant to not only stoke emotions in childish ways, but make it seem like everyone that appreciates classical music, in this case, Beethoven, has to share the same ideology as some of the more elitist of their kind, and it’s a disgrace the article goes to those lengths. 

And this example is a very deliberate method of stoking emotion that bypasses rationality, which is why the mainstream media often fearmongers incessantly, because it helps push agendas because people can’t think clearly and objectively.  This is simply one way in which division is stoked, not unlike what the mainstream media seeks to do after a crime that takes place between black and white people when a crime is committed, or when someone unfortunately loses their life, by making it seem like everyone of the same skin color or belief is the same, when that is not true. 

Similarly, just because someindividuals chose to follow a specific ideology and happen to extol classical music to an elitist extent doesn’t mean Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony should be attacked.

In fact, the article itself glosses over this stark fact when speaking about people that support elitism when it states that those people:

“…turned his symphony into a symbol of their superiority and importance…”5

Individuals ‘turning’ Beethoven’s symphony into a symbol of superiority is a deliberate choice taken by some individuals, and yet not all that enjoy classical music.  All the same, the choice stems from an ideology, and not Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony

Attacking Beethoven’s iconic piece is attacking a symptomof the problem VOX mentions, and not the root cause.  For example, a song, like a weapon, is a creation that is not alive in any way, in and of itself incapable of carrying any harm against anybody.  Just as firearms are blamed for the individuals that chose to commit crimes, Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is being blamed for an ideology or a mindset that created and revels in elitismThe ideology that creates elitism and the song are not even in the same realm. 
Blaming Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony is barely hacking at a branch when the main contention of the article should have exploring what possibly caused that ideology and mindset in the first place, handling the issue by the roots. 

Soonafter the writers state:

“Today, some aspects of classical culture are still about policing who’s in and who’s out. When you walk into a standard concert hall, there’s an established set of conventions and etiquette (“don’t cough!”; “don’t cheer!”; “dress appropriately!”) that can feel as much about demonstrating belonging as appreciating the music.”6

This is spawned from what took place centuries ago, either creating an ideology within classical music or stemming from one.   Either way, blaming Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony for elitism, on the actions of individuals will forever allow the problem to be a mainstay because the ideology that created the issue in the first place is not addressed in any significant depth.  But the point of the article is not to seek to handle problem of elitism by the roots, as they should have if that was their true contention, but simply carry out an attack, which is part of a systematic effort to assail Western Culture and all its disciplines, be that history, art, music, and more. 

Ironically enough there’s also another possible gateway out of this conundrum: If you don’t like something, nobody is forcing you to go to any place, listen to any artist, watch any movie, or do anything you don’t like.  But it’s sacrilege to think ‘live and let live’.  But that’s not what the type of mindset wrote the article seeks, what it seeks is to engender division by default. 

How did Western Culture achieve its rise but by following established traditions that were backed by a sound educational structure, both of which followed common sense.  Traditions, like education and cultures, do not just come up whole cloth.

But at an ever-increasing pace and methodically, not only has traditional education been attacked and stripped from the academic curricula, but cultural traditions are now attacked incessantly so that they can be stripped away and a new Anti All-Things-Western-Culture can be established so that it can attack anything that is traditional by its inherent nature(Notice that I didn’t say Anti-America, for it’s all the cultures that encompass Western Cultures that are under attack.) 

A population not having been exposed to classical schooling would accept the destruction of its culture in all its forms, whereas a population that was raised on traditional education and cultural values would not, because they would know all too well that this would lead to abject destruction and a rapid deterioration of not only culture, but eventually the family unit, and the sovereignty of the individual, and by resonance, entire nations. 

On paper and from a very narrow point of view, this cultural attack on Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony looks like an uneventful blip on a towed sonar array of a submarine, no big deal

As an analogy, on a submarine sonar which uses hydroacoustics as was first conceptualized by Leonardo Da Vinci in 1490, if an active sonar array was employed by emitting an acoustic pulse, the pulse that would bounce back after hitting a hypothetical object would be something that would not be a battleship, not be a submarine, and certainly not torpedoes.

Consequently, the pulse that would bounce back and the signature that would register instead would be emblematic of something biological (fish, whales, dolphins, etc.), which to the crew of a submarine and its commander would truly be of no concern.  Unless of course submarine warfare has evolved where biologicals are deliberately employed in official reality.  But for now let’s just pretend we’re still on Earth and we’re not living in an episode of Fringe

The problem is that, if someone had tampered with the sonar array of the submarine before its deployment, tampering not only with its controls (i.e. its ability to figure things out, not unlike the tampering with the education of individuals), while also switching what biological and torpedoes would look like on that sonar and its signatures (i.e. swapping the elitist mindset, with Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony), it would be absolute chaos for the submarine that was facing this threat that is “no big deal” (i.e. Western culture being attacked through media being “no big deal”).   In essence, what looks like nothing, another article by VOX, is not nothing, but something that should be taken seriously. 

In other words, what individuals do not see coming due to the public schooling education, they cannot stop, and the best way to keep individuals blinded is by preventing their education, which the comptrollers have been working at for a least a century, and this isn’t even speculation but fact that can be gathered from John Taylor Gatto’s books through extensive research.  Secondly, those seeking to attack Western Culture would seek to dissolve the social cohesion, destroying the very things that bring people together, which are tradition and culture – the very things that keep society strong. 

On that same basis, some individuals, be them nonwhite individuals, women or even the LGBTQ+ community, are being used by the establishment to push an agenda that helps to social engineer a fracture in the populace while also keeping them alienated from one another in the usual divide and conquer schemes.  If it’s not one strand of divide and conquer, then it’s another.  It’s race today, nation tomorrow, and years from now it’s going to be E.T.  You can bet everything you have on every life time from here to eternity that E.T. is going to be the next large evolution of Divide and Conquer on a stellar scale. 

Think about it: missing cargo on the way to the Moon?  ET done it.  Plane just falls right out of the sky?  A ‘UFO’ obviously fired an EMP, so it ‘must’ be ET.   Missing ship carrying scientists?  ET’s guilty as charged!  I mean, the object is clearly a “UFO”, so it must be ET again, right?  How about that destruction of the factory on the Moon mining Helium-3?  ET as well.  Oh wait, no, that’s an “accident”.  Can’t blame everything on ET, just the same way you can’t blame Coronavirus for people dying from motorcycle accidents.  It starts getting a little too obvious then.  But they sure tried though!  Sad part is, on that last one, I’m not even kidding.  But the Divide and Conquer Op’snext evolution is going to blow everything that we’ve ever known about false flags away by orders of magnitude. 

That’s not even counting the manipulation of Celestial Mechanics (a.k.a. Celestial Psy-Ops as termed by Dr. Farrell of GizaDeathStar.com), Mind Control, Holograms, and much more.   Just wait.  And anyone that thinks all of this is said in jest really needs to venture deep into this topic by reading Dr. Farrell’s masterful Covert Wars and Breakaway Civilizations – The Secret Space Program, Celestial Psyops and Hidden Conflicts

In any case, I will be the first one to admit that elitism does indeed exist.  I will never deny that.  In fact, as a minority, I am the very type of person that the article seeks to engender rage and division within. 

In fact, it’s because of divide and conquer tactics like this that I was raised by my father to believe that you had to be ten times better than the next person in anything in life for you to peg anyone’s radarNot even to get a job, but just to be considered to be in the same breath as someone else.  That was hammered away incessantly.  It was because of the problems my father faced that he did what he thought was best, which in his way meant, “You better work ten times harder than the next person.”  And that wasn’t simply a metaphor, he truly meant that and made sure to show it.  And yet, I and I’m sure others know enough to know that what VOX is spinning is crème de la crème bull$@#^*. 

There’s a stark difference between issues of racism and/or elitism, which obviously hold very emotionally laden roots, many of which people have become much more mindful of with time, and proactively weaponizing those roots further to splinter the populace, all the while making sure the real issues are not being dealt with. 

And what’s the scariest part of this whole issue?  All of what we are seeing is by design, as I mentioned earlier by referencing the work of John Taylor Gatto.  On this very troubling issue, Professor Deneen stated:

Our students’ ignorance is not a failing of the educational system – it is its crowning achievement. Efforts by several generations of philosophers and reformers and public policy experts — whom our students (and most of us) know nothing about — have combined to produce a generation of know-nothings. The pervasive ignorance of our students is not a mere accident or unfortunate but correctible outcome, if only we hire better teachers or tweak the reading lists in high school. It is the consequence of a civilizational commitment to civilizational suicide. The end of history for our students signals the End of History for the West.”7[Bold & Underline Emphasis Added]

Professor Deneen’s claims might seem outlandish, except students of the work of John Taylor Gatto will know otherwise.  The late John Taylor Gatto, who was a two-time teacher of the year award winner in New York City, homed-in on this very issue in his exceptional book Dumbing Us Down, stating:

Mass education cannot work to produce a fair society because its daily practice is practice in rigged competition, suppression and intimidation.  The schools we’ve allowed to develop can’t work to teach nonmaterial values, the values which give meaning to everyone’s life, rich or poor, because the structure of schooling is held together by a Byzantine tapestry of reward and threat, of carrots and sticks.  Official favor, grades, and other trinkets of subordination have no connection with education; they are the paraphernalia of servitude, not of freedom.”8

And by severely curtailing, if not outright halting individuals’ cognitive growth in public schooling, in a multifarious attack that involves the stripping of Logic, the Trivium, Quadrivium, and traditional values, one begins to see how American Culture begins to get transformed whole cloth. 

All the while, some individuals believe that that taking down statues and destroying public property is somehow going to solve issues that arebased out of an ideology.  Consequently, attacking public property and statues is hacking at the branches, and will never address the core issue that VOX overlooks. 

As a quick example of the stripping of education in an outside-of-the-box type of way, which prevents the deeper appreciation of culture and tradition, during editing this piece it became obvious that the words Trivium and Quadrivium are not even in the vocabulary within the Word programThat is by design

Again, the hints that show there is a systematic effort to dumb down society by removing what truly matters is more prevalent than it seems at first blush.  After all, individuals cannot look into, yet alone employ in life, the ideas, skills and knowledge that they do not know about.  Therefore, when the social engineers that seek to destroy traditional culture and everything that matters carry these agendas out, individuals never become privy to the full extent of knowledge, culture and traditions available, therefore not becoming the best version they can be, not only for themselves but their families as well. 

Social engineers and those attacking Western Culture do not want people to be educated in any way possible, as they do not want to leave anything to chance; they seek total control – Full Spectrum Dominance.  This is because a Common Culture allows for serious cohesion at the bottom of the pyramid, which can cause systematic and reverberating ripples that exacerbate all the way to the top.  This is megalithic strength that those operating divided rarely ever see; they don’t even think on those terms, as they are often divided by default, rather than united.  This is classical social engineering, and the late John Taylor Gatto spoke about it length. 

An attack of tradition and culture is to the family unit, what an attack on education is to the mind, both which seek to destroy cohesion, one seeks to fracture social cohesion and its most intimate strands, while the other seeks to fracture the intellectual capacity of individuals, both of which lead to the same thing: destruction of Western Culture, and all other cultures that will follow if this is allowed to happen.

And it has to be stopped, or decades from now there will be no culture to at all, except in select sects of the populace, perhaps hidden within the vestiges families and communities. 

Given all the aforementioned, what is the answer?  Education.  And by education, I do not mean public schooling, which are not even in the same realmJohn Taylor Gatto taught me this, as I’m sure others.

To drop the anchor in the middle of this deliberate culture attack storm that’s taking place, let’s listen to something Gatto stated, whose lifework is severely underrated and far more important than most people realize. 

In surgical fashion, Gatto pulls no punches when he states:

“School trains children to be employees and consumers; teach your own to be leaders and adventurers.  School trains children to obey reflexively; teach your own to think critically and independently.  Well-schooled kids have a low threshold for boredom; help your own to develop an inner life so that they’ll never be boredUrge them to take on the serious material, the grown-up material, in history, literature, philosophy, art, economics, theology – all the stuff schoolteachers know well enough to avoid.  Challenge your kids with plenty of solitude so that they can learn to enjoy their own company, to conduct inner dialogues.  Well schooled people are conditioned to dread being alone; they seek constant companionship through the TV, the computer, the cell phone, and through shallow friendships quickly acquired, quickly abandoned.  Your children should have a more important life, and they can.”9

Except Gatto was speaking of how to pave the way for the new generation.  But the deliberate attack on culture is increasing at a rate never before seen, which seeks to destroy everything in a deliberate multi-disciplinary attack on Western Culture.  As such, teaching the next generation should be done, yes, but everyone needs to get involved to foster a stabilization of this cultural decline, and therefore what Gatto suggests I would contend needs to apply for everyone, myself included, and not just the kids. 

If proactive measures are not taken by individuals in the population, the cultural disintegration taking place as we speak will continue unmitigated and there won’t be a culture to save.  If adults don’t know what they’re missing, what they don’t know because they have never been privy to such, how can they teach the kids?  They can’t.  The public schooling system isn’t doing it by design, so it’s up to all individuals to prevent the cultural decline.

Just like in every other period of history, change begins and starts with all of us, within each individual, from the ground up.  What can reverberate all the way down the pyramid to the bottom, can reverberate right back up to the pyramid to the top. 

The social engineers have already destroyed education, as true education is rarely had, and America’s ranks in this case are abysmal on a global scale considered it has excellent schooling, but no education.  

The long term attack on culture began with education over a century ago.  That attack has transitioned and is now encompassing traditions and all Western Culture, which is also something that seeks to displace not only cultures from their past, but families from their roots.  Therefore, if you truly care about culture, then embrace your culture, and find a way to nurture it.  Or decades from now, the very cultures that allowed for humanity to become so strong, that allowed for the family unit to become so strong, that allowed the individual to become so strong, will only be echoes from the past.  

And then, even though humanity might still be on Earth and have a place among the stars, it might not have a place to truly call Home. 

___________________________
Author’s Note:

I had a friend skim read this and immediately asked why I cared so much being a minority.  So, why do I even care about this?  Because the Puerto Rican culture is much like the American culture in that at its core its composed of many cultures and ethnicities.  And even though I was born and raised in Puerto Rico, my exposure to American culture was constant from the get go, and as such the transition over here was seamless. 

But if I wasn’t exposed to multiple cultures, then my appreciation of all of those cultures would be nonexistent and I would only know one way or one point of view by which to see the world.  And if that were the case, then I wouldn’t stand here being a Puerto Rican that equally identifies as American all the while defending a person and part of a Common Culture that is German.  Imagine that.  And I would do it for any other culture as well, be that Greek, French, Italian, Irish, or any other culture or icon that I saw attached in such deliberate fashion.

Bottom line, if we don’t stand together, then we’ll surely fall apart. That’s why I wrote this piece.

___________________________
Notes:

[1] How A Generation Lost Its Common Culture
[2] Ibid.
[3] https://www.vox.com/switched-on-pop/21437085/beethoven-5th-symphony-elitist-classism-switched-on-pop
[4 ]Ibid.
[5] Ibid.
[6] Ibid.
[7] How A Generation Lost Its Common Culture
[8] John Taylor Gatto, Dumbing Us Down – The Hidden Curriculum Of Compulsory Schooling, pg. 69.
[9] Ibid. Bold and underline emphasis added.


Critical Reads:

How A Generation Lost Its Common Culture by Patrick Deneen

Foundational Tools For Self-Directed Learning

Catherine Austin Fitts, The Black Budget, Missing Trillions, FASAB 56 & More

A Breakaway Civilization – What It Is, And What It Means For Us by Richard Dolan

7 Crucial Books For Homeschooling, Self-Directed Learners & Autodidacts

13 Great Reasons To Study Logic

Follow The Page On Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/BreakawayIndividual/

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Suggested Reading & Viewing:

What Increases Your Learning Metabolism?

The True Purpose Of Modern Schooling

Logical Fallacies Employed In Every Day Life

How A Generation Lost Its Common Culture

Classrooms Of The Heart [Mini Documentary] – John Taylor Gatto

Dumbing Us Down by John Taylor Gatto

History So It Doesn’t Repeat – The Deliberate Dumbing Down Of America with Charlotte Iserbyt

Against Public Schooling – How Public Education Cripples Our Kids By John Taylor Gatto

The Catastrophic Decline of Public Schooling: 21 Facts Why School Performs Poorly

How To Read A Book by Mortimer J. Adler & Charles Van Doren

Philosophy 101 by Socrates – An Introduction To Phylosophy Via Plato’s Apology By Peter Kreeft Ph.D.

What Is An Elite Curriculum?

How To Read A Book by Mortimer J. Adler & Charles Van Doren

A Different Kind Of Teacher by John Taylor Gatto

Rotten To The Common Core by Dr. Joseph P. Farrell & Gary Lawrence

The Imaginative Argument – A Practical Manifesto For Writers By Frank L. Cioffi

A Workbook For Arguments – A Complete Course In Critical Thinking by David Morrow

Socratic Logic V 3.1 by Peter Kreeft PhD

Dialectical Thinking – Zeno, Socrates, Kant, Marx by Tommi Juhani Hanjijarvi Ph.D.

The Trivium – The Liberal Arts Of Logic, Grammar & Rhetoric by Sister Mary Joseph Ph.D.

Why Read The Classics?

Drilling Through The Core by Sandra Stotski & Contributors